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flag India India: General presentation

Capital: New Delhi


Total Population: 1,417,173,173
Natural Increase: 0.7%
Density: 473 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 35.9%
Population of main agglomerations: Mumbai (Bombay) (18,395,000); Delhi (16,349,900); Kolkata (14,058,000); Chennai (Madras) (8,653,600); Bangalore (8,520,500); Hyderabad (7,677,100); Ahmadabad (6,357,700); Poona (5,057,800); Surat (4,591,300); Jaipur (3,046,200)
Ethnic Origins: There are hundreds of ethnic groups in India, dominated by the Indo-Aryans (Assamese, Bengalis, Punjabi, Koli, etc.), who make up 75% of the population, and the Dravidians (Tamils, Kannadigas, Malayalis, Telugus, etc.), who account for about 20%. The Austro-Asian, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai and other ethnicities account for about 5% of the population. (Ministry of Statistics)
Official Language: Hindi (spoken by more than 50% of the country’s population) and English.
Other Languages Spoken: 22 languages are recognised by the Constitution of India: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Nepali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Manipuri , Konkani and Sanskrit are among them. Around 2000 dialects have been identified.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)
Literacy Rate: 61.0%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In New Delhi

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)

Country Overview

Area: 3,287,260 km²
Type of State: India is a federal republic state based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Second largest population and largest liberal democracy in the world. Importance of agriculture and the IT sector in the economy.
HDI*: 0.609/1
HDI (World Rank): 130/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from India, dial 00
To call India, dial +91
Internet Suffix: .in
Computers: 1.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 2.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 12.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 78.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 486,059373,202573,092720,441672,667
Exports of Goods (million USD) 324,340276,410395,426453,415432,001
Imports of Services (million USD) 179,430153,782195,956249,391248,356
Exports of Services (million USD) 214,762203,401240,660309,372344,500

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: July 2024