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flag Brazil Brazil: Exporting products

In this page: Customs procedures for export in Brazil | Organize a transportation of goods to and from Brazil


Customs procedures for export in Brazil

Customs Procedures

Import and export of some goods are strictly prohibited, including: weapons, wild animals, illegal drugs, pirated and counterfeit goods, goods that threaten the public order and toys that replicate firearms.
Export Taxes
The Export Duty is a federal tax charged on Brazilian exports that were produced in Brazil or that were nationalized and then exported after reprocessing. The Export Duty is calculated at the moment it is registered as an Export Declaration on Siscomex (Sistema Integrado de Comércio Exterior).
Export Clearance
You must be registered with the Secretariat for Foreign Trade (SECEX), have a registration number in the national register of persons (CPF) or in the national tax register (CGC). The export declaration is the primary document for exports customs clearance. You must also have all the documentation for the products exported, licenses, certificates of origin, invoices and some proof of the order of the product from the country it is being exported to.
Necessary Declaration
There is a specific declaration for agricultural products, in particular for GMOs.

Controlling the Quality of the Products

Quality Control Organizations
Brazilian association for technical standards

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Organize a transportation of goods to and from Brazil

Main Useful Means of Transport
Road transport is the most widely used method of transport in Brazil, particularly for goods traded with South American countries. A study conducted by the Brazilian National Transportation Confederation (Confederação Nacional do Transporte - CNT) shows that the road transportation represents 60% of the cargo handling in Brazil. Practically all the State capitals are linked by paved roads and major states (including São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) have expressways. According to CNT, the latest survey in 2018 indicated 1.7 million kilometers of roads in the country, of which approximately 12% are paved. Of all the roads, the vast majority are state and municipal controlled, 95.1%, while 4.9% are federal.
Rail transit is the second most frequently used method of transportation, the railroad system totals approximately 30,000 kilometers. Only 7% of railway lines are electrified.
Despite the enormous potential for river traffic, only 13% of cargo is transported through waterways.
Transport by sea is widely used as costs are reduced. With a coastline stretching for 8.5 thousand kilometres navigable, in 2019 Brazilian ports moved around 1,104 billion tonnes of a wide variety of imported and exported goods. Brazil's large cities are well served by air, but this type of goods transport is not very developed, mainly because of the high cost. It represents less than 5% of the Brazilian foreign trade.

Overall, Brazilian transportation infrastructure faces many challenges, as roads and ports need to be upgraded. However, the transportation sector was among the sectors showing the highest economic growth.

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By Air

Brazilian airports website
Transport Professionals
Links to air transport companies
Task Logistics
Government Transport Organisations
National Civil Aviation Agency

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By Rail

Transport Professionals
Links to rail transport companies
List of contractors on the Ministry website
Government Transport Organisations
National Land Transport Agency

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Latest Update: April 2024