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In this page: Customs procedures for export in Mexico | Organize a transportation of goods to and from Mexico

 

Customs procedures for export in Mexico

Customs Procedures

Restrictions
The following items are prohibited or restricted: narcotics, live fish, predators of any size, images representing children in a degrading or ridiculous way, used clothes that are not part of your personal luggage, firearms and ammunitions and electronic cigarettes (as of February 2020).
Export Taxes
Visit the Tributary Administration site to find out if there is an export tax fee for your product.
Export Clearance
Mexican Customs Law outlines two types of exportation: definitive export, when Mexican goods are shipped to another country in order to remain there for an unlimited amount of time; temporary export, when Mexican goods are shipped to another country for a limited amount of time and for a specific purpose.

The persons who would like to export merchandise from Mexico must comply with the following regulations:

  • Verify he or she is registered in the Federal Register of Taxpayers.
  • Register in the Register of Sectoral Exporters only for certain sectors, including alcohol, tobacco, flavoured drinks, fossil fuels and pesticides.
  • Hire the services of a dealer or a customs agent to prepare the administration procedures by proxy.
  • Comply with conditions and customs regulations established by the General Legislation of Taxes on Exports.
  • Pay the customs duty taxes, if applicable.

For more information visit Mexican Customs site.

Necessary Declaration

Customs declaration must contain information regarding the merchandise: its origin, its components, its unit and global value, custom fees and information about the export agent and consignment receiver. The document containing this information is called a 'pedimento' (requisition) and must be requested to the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit by the agent or by the customs representative. Then, it must be presented at the customs office in order to pay the processing rights' fees.

You will also need the following:

  • Commercial invoice for the products
  • Registry of Exporters by Industry (this is only necessary if the goods are alcoholic beverages, energy drinks, cigarettes, or iron ore)
  • Certificate of origin
  • Packing list, identifying the contents and type of goods
  • Transportation documents: air waybill or bill of lading or consignment note
  • Insurance policy
  • Documents proving compliance with non-tariff measures, both in Mexico and the destination market
  • Country of Origin Marking
  • Industrial property registry and trademarks
  • Letter of instruction to the customs broker
  • Customs documents (this step should be completed by your customs broker in order to clear the goods).
 

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Organize a transportation of goods to and from Mexico

Main Useful Means of Transport
Transportation-logistic services are expensive in Mexico. The logistics network consists of 117 seaports, 393,471 kilometers of roads, 27,000 kilometers of railway lines, 76 airports, 46 customs points, and 66 intermodal terminals.
Mexico has a modern highway system, primarily comprised of toll roads connecting the main industrial areas located in the Mexico City-Guadalajara-Monterrey triangle. Outside this area, road transportation is fair, although the Government has enacted a programme to improve Mexico’s infrastructure.
Maritime international trade goes through the ports of Manzanillo (handling over three million TEUs in cargo in 2019), Lazaro Cardenas, Veracruz, Altamira and Ensenada. All these ports have the high quality infrastructure and equipment to facilitate intermodal, door-to-door merchandise transportation.
The railway is mostly used for transporting large volumes of goods to the main ports and borders. Air transport of goods is not as popular due to the lack of infrastructure and the price of fuel.

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By Sea

Ports
Ports of Mexico
Transport Professionals
TMM Group
Government Transport Organisations
Ministry of Communications and Transportation:
Ports and Merchant Navy

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By Air

Airports
Airports of Mexico
Transport Professionals
Skyteam Cargo
DHL Mexico
Panalpina
Government Transport Organisations
Ministry of Communications and Transportation

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By Road

Transport Professionals
Mexican Estafeta
Schenker Mexico
Kuehne Nagel Mexico
Government Transport Organisations
Ministry of Communications and Transportation

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By Rail

Transport Professionals
TMM Group
Ferrovalle, Mexico
Government Transport Organisations
Ministry of Communications and Transportation

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Latest Update: June 2022